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DEVELOPER PREVIEW

A model definition, a subitem of the Magnolia Content type definition, defines the model of a content type.

The Magnolia Content Types module is currently available as a Developer Preview. The full version is still under development.

This developer preview brings several powerful features. Please try it out and feel free to send us your feedback and suggestions based on your experience.

We are working to finalize the module as soon as possible.

The model describes the properties of a content item such as name, description, asset, birthday, and so on. In the default JCR-based implementation, the type of the properties can be String, Boolean, Decimal, Double, Long, Date, asset, another content type or a submodel. The model can define a list of submodel definitions.

Model definition properties

Example configuration:

/content-type-examples/contentTypes/tourGuide.yaml
datasource:
  workspace: tourguides
  namespaces:
    mt: https://www.magnolia-travel.com/jcr/1.0/mt
  autoCreate: true
 
model:
  nodeType: mt:tourGuide
  properties:
    - name: birthday
      type: Date
    - name: gender
    - name: shortBio
    - name: contact
      type: contactData
  subModels:
    - name: contactData
      properties:
        - name: email
        - name: phoneNumber
        - name: addresses
          type: address
          multiple: true
    - name: address
      properties:
        - name: street
        - name: city
        - name: postalCode
        - name: country
The model properties:

properties

required

A list of property definition objects.

<property>

A subdefinition item defining one property of the model. Its definition interface is PropertyDefinition.

Read the property definition properties section for all the details of a PropertyDefinition object.

subModels

optional

A list of submodel definition objects.

<submodel>

A subdefinition item configuring a complete submodel. Its definition interface is SubModelDefinition.

A submodel has the same properties as a model, but a submodel cannot have additional submodels.

If nodeType is not provided, the mgnl:contentNode is used by default.

nodeType

optional

The name of the JCR node type for storing an item of the given content type.

If the given node type has not been registered yet, the system automatically registers a new node type by the given name. The type generated inherits from the Magnolia mgnl:content node type.

If nodeType is not provided, mgnl:content is used by default.

Property definition properties

This section describes the PropertyDefinition definition item. Property definition items can be defined in the  properties property, which is a property of the model definition of a content type definition.

<property>

name

required

The name of the property. The name is used for storing values in the underlying data source.

type

optional, default is String

Possible values:

  • JCR property types
    • String
    • Boolean
    • Decimal
    • Double
    • Long
    • Date
  • asset - creates a Link field to choose an asset.
  • The name of a Submodel.
    (warning) You can only reference submodels defined in the same content type.
  • The name of Content type making a reference to another content item.
    If a submodel and a content type have the same name, the submodel takes precedence over the content type.

required

optional, default is false

Makes the property mandatory.

i18n

optional, default is false

Enables i18n support for the property.

multiple

optional, default is false

The true setting allows storing multiple values of the property.

Not yet implemented:

<property>

label

optional

A label which is used in the UIs, fo example in a content app. The property is annotated with I18nText, and therefore it can be localized.

defaultValue

optional

Defines the default value for the property. It is applied when creating instances.

readOnly

optional, default is false

Determines whether the property can be changed.


Submodels

Use submodels to define complex content types. Submodels are useful whenever you need a group of fields more than once. A content type model definition can contain a list of submodel definitions within the  subModels property. Submodels can be used only within the content type where they have been defined.

A submodel definition has the same properties as a model, but a submodel cannot have additional submodels.

The default nodeType for a submodels is mgnl:contentNode.

Interfaces and classes

Model

The base interface is ModelDefinition.

Magnolia provides the JcrDataSourceDefinition interface and the ConfiguredJcrModelDefinition implementation class to specify the model to be mapped to a JCR node.

For ModelDefinition, the ConfiguredJcrModelDefinition is set as the default implementation class via type mapping on the XML-based module descriptor of the magnolia-content-types module. 

By default, Magnolia expects you to configure properties for JcrModelDefinition to define a model.

Submodel

The submodel item is defined by the SubModelDefinition interface, which extends ModelDefinition. The default implementation is ConfiguredJcrSubModelDefinition.

By default, Magnolia expects you to configure properties for ConfiguredJcrSubModelDefinition to define a submodel.